Of the many people working to develop motion pictures in
the late 1800s, the most successful were the partnerships
between Thomas Edison and William Dickson in America and the
Brothers Louis and Auguste Lumière in France.
Their experiments, spurred on by motion capture work by photographer
Eaedward Muybridge and Etienne Marey, provided the basis for
motion picture photography and presentation, and their techniques
can still be seen in the capture and projection of motion
In the UK, photographer Birt Acres teamed up with electrical
engineer Robert Paul and together they developed their own
motion picture camera to create films for use with copies
of Edison's Kinetoscope. Acres and Paul's brief partnership
led to the production of the first successful British film
- 'Incident at Clovelly Cottage' in March 1895.
As the technology advanced, filmmakers emerged, with Cecil
Hepworth and Edwin Porter leading the way. Hepworth producing
such early cinema classics as 'How it feels to be run over'
and 'Rescued by Rover' with Porter directing 'The Great Train
Robbery' among many others.
In France, Georges Méliès emerged from a theatrical background
and started making films combining film technique with the
spectacular effects achievable from the theatre. Méliès' work
led to some of the first 'special effects' in cinema in films
such as 'A Trip to the Moon'.