was Louis and Augusteís father Antoine who sparked a moving
picture interest in sons after seeing Edisonís Kinetoscope
and with the Lumière Factory behind them (which manufactured
photographic goods) the brothers set to work designing a camera
The first experiments carried out by the Lumière
Brothers were based around the intermittent mechanism used
in sewing machines.
On February 13 1895, Louis and Auguste patented
the name Cinématographe in both their names.
Their Cinématographe combined a camera
for recording the movement, a printer and, when connected
to a magic lantern, a projector. About the same size of an
ordinary hand held still camera, the Cinématographe
differed from the Kinetoscope in many ways - notably in its
size and weight.
The Kinetograph - Edisonís camera - was confined,
in general, to the 'Black Maria' Studio in Edisonís Laboratory
grounds; in contrast the Cinématographe had no such
constraints and could be taken almost anywhere thanks to its
lightweight design. In addition was its method of presentation
and the combination of all the basic elements needed to record
and project motion pictures in one box.
Like Edison the Lumières used 35mm film
but unlike Edison opted for a film speed of 16 fps as opposed
to the 46 fps chosen by Edison.
addition, the Lumières were quick to patent their Cinématographe
abroad (Edisonís failure to do so in Britain had led to copies
made by Robert Paul).
To promote their new invention Auguste planned
a clever publicity programme of several private screenings
which generated much public interest and speculation before
the official unveiling on December 28th 1895 at the Grand
Cafe on Paris's Boulevard Des Capucines.